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Chen Xu

Chen (Calvin) Xu

Graduate Research Assistant

Office: IPST Building 277E 
Telephone: N/A
Fax: 404-894-9140
Mailing Address: School of Materials Science and Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology
771 Ferst Dr. N.W.
Atlanta, GA 30332
Biosketch | Research Area | Publications | Highlights | Honors


  • Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, 2007.

Research Area

  • Nanowire based hybrid cells
  • Integration of nanowire based energy harvesting devices
  • Fabrication of ZnO nanowire arrays based nanogenerators
  • Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cell fabrication and characterization


1. “Hybridizing ZnO Nanowires with Micropyramid Silicon Wafers as Superhydrophobic High-Effi ciency Solar Cells”Yan Liu , Arnab Das , Sheng Xu , Ziyin Lin , Chen Xu , Zhong Lin Wang , Ajeet Rohatgi , and Ching Ping Wong, Advanced Energy Materials, 2011, Online

2. “Hybrid resonant energy harvester integrating ZnO NWs with MEMS for enabling zero-power wireless sensor nodes”Gonzalo Murillo, Minbaek Lee, Chen Xu, Gabriel Abadal, Zhong Lin Wang, Nano Communication Networks, 2011, Online

3. “Optical-fiber/TiO2-nanowire-arrays hybrid structures with tubular counter electrodefordye-sensitized solar cell”WenxiGuo, Chen Xu, GuangZhu, CaofengPan, Changjian Lin, ZhongLinWang, Nano Energy, 2011, Online

4. “High output nanogenerator based on assembly of GaN nanowires”Long Lin, Chen-Ho Lai, YoufanHu, Yan Zhang, XueWang, Chen Xu, Robert L Snyder, Lih-J Chen and Zhong Lin Wang, Nanotechnology, 2011, Online

5. "Wafer-Scale High-Throughput Ordered Arrays of Si and Coaxial Si/Si1-xGex Wires: Fabrication, Characterization, and Photovoltaic Application", Caofeng Pan, Zhixiang Luo, Chen Xu, Jun Luo, Renrong Liang, Guang Zhu, Wenzhuo Wu, Wenxi Guo, Xingxu Yan, Jun Xu, Zhong Lin Wang, and Jing Zhu, ACS NANO, 2011, 5 (8), 6629–6636

6. “A Nanogenerator for Energy Harvesting from a Rotating Tire and its Application as a Self-Powered Pressure/Speed Sensor”, Youfan Hu#, Chen Xu#, Yan Zhang#, (# equally contributed) Long Lin, Robert L. Snyder, and Zhong Lin Wang , Adv. Matter., 2011, Online

7. "Self-heating and External Strain Coupling Induced Phase Transition of VO 2 Nanobeam as Single Domain Switch "Bin Hu , Yan Zhang , Wen Chen , Chen Xu , and Zhong Lin Wang, Adv. Mater., 23(31), 3536–3541.

8. "Polar Charges Induced Electric Hysteresis of ZnO Nano/Microwire for Fast Data Storage "Jinhui Song, Yan Zhang, Chen Xu, Wenzuo Wu, and Zhong Lin Wang, Nano Lett., 11 (7), 2829–2834.

9. "Self-Powered System with Wireless Data Transmission " Youfan Hu#, Yan Zhang#, Chen Xu#, (# equally contributed) Long Lin, Robert L. Snyder, and Zhong Lin Wang, Nano Lett., Supplementary Information ,live video , 11 (6), 2572–2577.

10. "Compact Hybrid Cell Based on a Convoluted Nanowire Structure for Harvesting Solar and Mechanical Energy "Chen Xu and Zhong Lin Wang, Adv. Mater., 23(7), 873–877.

11. "High-Output Nanogenerator by Rational Unipolar Assembly of Conical Nanowires and Its Application for Driving a Small Liquid Crystal Display " Youfan Hu#, Yan Zhang#, Chen Xu#, (# equally contributed) Guang Zhu, and Zhong Lin Wang, Nano Lett.,Supplementary Information ,live video 1 live video 2 online.

12. "Ordered Nanowire Array Blue/Near-UV Light Emitting Diodes " Sheng Xu , Chen Xu , Ying Liu , Youfan Hu , Rusen Yang , Qing Yang , Jae-Hyun Ryou, Hee Jin Kim , Zachary Lochner , Suk Choi , Russell Dupuis , and Zhong Lin Wang, Adv. Mater.,Supplementary Information , online.

13. "ZnO nanotube-based dye-sensitized solar cell and its application in self-powered devices "Jingbin Han, Fengru Fan, Chen Xu, Shisheng Lin, MinWei,Xue Duan and Zhong LinWang, Nanotechnology., 21 (2010) 405203.

14. "Lateral nanowire/nanobeltbasednanogenerators,piezotronics and piezo-phototronics " Zhong Lin Wang, Rusen Yang,Jun Zhou,Yong Qin,Chen Xu,Youfan Hu,Sheng Xu, Mater.Sci.Eng.R, , 70 (2010) 320–329.

15. "Planar Waveguide-Nanowire Integrated Three-Dimensional Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells " Yaguang Wei, Chen Xu, Sheng Xu, Cheng Li, Wenzhuo Wu, and Zhong Lin Wang, Nano Lett., 2010, 10, 2092–2096.

16. "Self-powered nanowire devices " Sheng Xu#, Yong Qin#, Chen Xu#, (# equally contributed) Yaguang Wei, Rusen Yang and Zhong Lin Wang, Nat. Nanotechnol.,Supplementary Information , 2010, 5, 366-373. Kick off world wide effort on nanogenerators.

17. " Nanowire Structured Hybrid Cell for Concurrently Scavenging Solar and Mechanical Energies " Chen Xu, Xudong Wang and Zhong Lin Wang , J. Am. Chem.Soc, 2009,131,5866-5872  

Research Highlights

  • Invented hybrid cell based on ZnO nanowires
  • Large-scale fabricating of energy harvesting devices

Honors & Awards

  • • TSMC Outstanding Student Research Award (Gold Prize) (2011)
  • Fellowship Award from Chinese Consulate General (2011)
  • Georgia Tech Research Fellowship (2010-2012)
  • Outstanding Poster Presentation at GTRIC conference (2010)
  • School of Materials Science and Engineering Research Initiation Publication Award (2009)
  • Fudan University Wang Dao Scholar (2005-2006)
  • Dow Chemicals Scholarship (2004-2005)
  • Shanghai Excellent Student (2004)
  • Fudan University Top Grade Scholarship (2004)